Developments in SALW Technology and Design: Implications for Countering Diversion

Location

Conference Centre Albert Borschette
Room 2C
Rue Froissart 36
1040 Brussels
Belgium

Date

Tuesday, 7 March 2017

The EU Non-proliferation Consortium organised a one-day expert seminar on “Developments in SALW-technology: implications for countering diversion”, on 7 March 2017 in Brussels.

Preventing diversion of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) is a key priority for the international community in preventing violent conflicts and gun enabled crimes. The seminar included presentations and discussions on ‘Risks of diversion’, ‘Marking and tracing’, ‘Stockpile management’ and ‘End-use controls’. It built upon the outcomes of the 2015 Meeting of Governmental Experts on the Implementation of the UN Programme of Action on SALW. The discussions will feed into the review of the EU SALW Strategy as well as preparations for the 2018 Review Conference of the UN Programme of Action on SALW.

The seminar brought together 40 participants from European industry, EU and EU member state officials, regional and international organizations, and research institutes.

Agenda

09:00–09:15 Welcome and introduction to the seminar
Pawel Herczynski, Director Security Policy and Conflict Prevention, European External Action Service
Mark Bromley, Co-Director of the Dual-use and Arms Trade Programme, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
09:15–10:30 Session 1 — Diversion: causes, consequences and risk mitigation
Chair: Frank Meeussen, Alternate Chair of COARM Council Working Party, European External Action Service
Speaker: Savannah de Tessières, Senior Consultant, Small Arms Survey and United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations
Speaker: Tarmo Dix, Desk Officer Conventional Arms Control, German Federal Foreign Office
Speaker: N. R. Jenzen-Jones, Director, Armament Research Services

This session will explore the legal and normative standards to prevent diversion; recent cases of diversion following exports of SALW from Europe; and means to counter diversion, including the opportunities and challenges generated by emerging SALW technologies and designs.
Key questions that will be addressed
  • What were some of the most notable cases of SALW diversion in the past five years?
  • What were the main causes and consequences of these cases?
  • What legal and normative standards are in place to prevent SALW diversion?
  • What are the key gaps and weaknesses in these standards and their implementation?
  • What role have new technologies and designs played in recent cases of SALW diversion?
  • What role can new methods for marking, tagging and enabling/disabling SALW play in preventing cases of diversion?
10:45–12:00 Session 2 — Developments in SALW technology and design: implications for marking and tracing
Chair: Lina Grip, Researcher, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
Speaker: Dr. Giacomo Persi Paoli, Research Leader, RAND Europe
Speaker: Thierry Jacobs, Strategic Projects and Relations Executive, Fabrique Nationale d’Herstal
Speaker: Dr. Gernot Schrems, Laser Expert, Trotec Laser GmbH

This session will explore the current state of the art with regard to available technologies for marking and tracing SALW and related ammunition; the challenges and opportunities posed by developments in modular design, polymer materials and additive manufacturing and how they can be met; and options for states to promote the use of new marking techniques.
Key questions that will be addressed
  • What systems are in place for establishing harmonized standards for the marking and tracing of SALW?
  • What are the key gaps in these systems, and what challenges do they face?
  • What are the particular challenges posed by modular design, polymer materials and additive manufacturing for marking and tracing SALW?
  • What systems are companies developing for overcoming these challenges?
  • What are the particular challenges involved in developing effective systems for marking and tracing SALW ammunition?
  • What systems are companies developing for overcoming these challenges?
13:15–14:30 Session 3 — Developments in SALW technology and design: implications for stockpile management
Chair: Pilar Reina, Independent consultant
Speaker: Alain Lapon, Chief Technical Officer, South Eastern and Eastern European Clearinghouse for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons
Speaker: Diman Dimov, Project Support Office, Conflict Prevention Centre, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
Speaker: Robert Kondor, Regional Sales Director, Dynamit Nobel Defence

This session will explore the current state of the art with regard to available technologies for tagging and tracking SALW shipments and stockpiles to facilitate secure stockpile management; the role these systems can play in preventing SALW diversion; and options for states to promote the use of these technologies.
Key questions that will be addressed
  • What systems are in place for establishing improved standards in SALW physical security and stockpile management?
  • What are the key gaps in these systems and what are the implementation challenges do states and other stakeholders face?
  • What are the key lessons-learned from recent efforts to improve SALW physical security and stockpile management in Europe and elsewhere?
  • What role can different types of technologies play in improving SALW physical security and stockpile management?
  • What new systems are companies developing for helping to tag and track SALW?
  • What role can these systems play in helping to improve SALW physical security and stockpile management standards and prevent cases of diversion?
14:30–15:45 Session 4 — Developments in SALW technology and design: implications for end-use controls
Chair: Elvan Isikozlu, Researcher, Bonn International Center for Conversion
Speaker: Matt Schroeder, Senior Researcher, Small Arms Survey
Speaker: Dr. Georg Jahnen, Head of Development, Armatix

This session will explore the current state of the art with regard to available technologies for enabling and/or disabling SALW; other technologies that can help to prevent the post shipment diversion of SALW; and options for states to promote the use of these technologies.
Key questions that will be addressed
  • Where have technologies for enabling and/or disabling SALW been used to help prevent or respond to cases of diversion?
  • What potential is there for the wider use of these systems?
  • What are the economic, functional and political barriers?
  • What systems have companies developed for ensuring that SALW can only be operated by authorized end-users?
  • What are some of the potential applications of these systems?
15:45–16:00 Summary of the day’s discussions and links with EU and UN-level processes
Frank Meeussen, alternate chair of COARM Council Working Party, European External Action Service
Dr. Ali Arbia, Project Manager, Small Arms Survey

Participants List

Name Affiliation
Alain Lapon SEESAC
Alberto Barcia Carnero Spain
Ali Arbia Small Arms Survey
An Vranckx GRIP
Antoine Meslin France
Brice de Reymaeker Belgium
Caroline Payne United Kingdom
Christophe Stiernon GRIP
Diman Dimov OSCE
Elvan Isikozlu BICC
François Dumont Belgium
François Remue World Customs Organization
Frank Meeussen EEAS
Georg Jahnen Armatix
Gernot Schrems TROTEC Laser
Giacomo Persi Paoli RAND Europe
Herbert Weisshaupt Dynamit Nobel Defence
Ivor Fung UNODA
Jacques Baud NATO
Jose Daniel Muñiz Bascuas Spain
Kevin Goris Flemish Peace Institute
Lene Lindholdt Hove EEAS
Lina Grip SIPRI
Lotte Bruynen Flanders
Maaike Verbruggen SIPRI
Maarten Broekhof The Netherlands
Mark Bromley SIPRI
Matt Schroeder Small Arms Survey
Michal Adamovicz Poland
N.R. Jenzen-Jones Armament Research Services
Nauris Rumpe Latvia
Nicolas Lefevre Flanders
Nils Duquet Flemish Peace Institute
Pawel Herczynski EEAS
Pilar Reina Independent Consultant
Rainer Hägele Dynamit Nobel Defence
Robert Kondor Dynamit Nobel Defence
Rui Alexandre Sande Massaneiro Portugal
Savannah de Tessières Small Arms Survey & UNDPKO
Tarmo Dix Germany
Thierry Jacobs FN HERSTAL
Tom Nijs Flanders
Zoe Stanley-Lockman EU Institute For Security Studies