Overview of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM, 2008).
“The Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) is an international treaty that addresses the humanitarian consequences and unacceptable harm to civilians caused by cluster munitions, through a categorical prohibition and a framework for action.
The Convention prohibits all use, production, transfer and stockpiling of cluster munitions. In addition, it establishes a framework for cooperation and assistance to ensure adequate care and rehabilitation to survivors and their communities, clearance of contaminated areas, risk reduction education and destruction of stockpiles.
Cluster munitions are unacceptable for two reasons. Firstly, they have wide area effects and are unable to distinguish between civilians and combatants. Secondly, the use of cluster munitions leave behind large numbers of dangerous unexploded ordnance. Such remnants kill and injure civilians, obstruct economic and social development, and have other severe consequences that persist for years and decades after use.
Adopted on 30 May 2008 in Dublin, Ireland and signed on 3-4 December 2008 in Oslo, Norway, the Convention on Cluster Munitions entered into force on 01 August 2010. To date 119 states have joined the Convention”
“The European Union remains committed to supporting mine action, especially in the fields of clearance, stockpile destruction, mine risk education and victim assistance. Since the Convention entered into force, several EU Member States which are parties to the Convention declared obligations to destroy stockpiles of cluster munitions in accordance with Article 3. They have endeavoured to do so as efficiently as possible, with several having already declared the completion of their destruction plan, well ahead of the set deadline, most recently Germany, Italy and France.
The European Union and its Member States are the largest donor in mine action in almost all heavily affected countries and regions of the world. These contributions are paving the way for reconstruction and sustainable economic and social development and are enhancing local and regional capacities. Integration of mine action in wider development initiatives could ensure an increasing positive socio-economic and developmental impact. In the EU a gender based approach is also part of our humanitarian actions. Where possible, we recognize the value of the development of synergies in the implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions and other humanitarian disarmament instruments, as applicable.
We are fully committed to improving the quality of life of affected people in a sustainable way and to provide concrete and sustainable assistance to survivors, their families and communities and assist victims according to their rights and needs. The EU believes that in order for victim assistance efforts to be sustainable in the longer term they need to be integrated into broader disability policies. We would like to underscore the linkage with the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), which sets a wider framework to address comprehensively the needs of survivors and their full and equal participation in society. From its part the EU, which is a full party to the CRDP, continues to increase the attention paid to persons with disabilities in its development cooperation policies and programmes, while ensuring that the rights and needs of anti-personnel mine and cluster munition survivors are taken into account.”
Sixth Meeting of the States Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions
Geneva, 7 September 2016
EU statement on international assistance and cooperation