in Titles if necessary */ $editorial_body="

Less than one year after it was formally launched, the EU Non-Proliferation Consortium has already built and motivated a network of more than 50 think tanks from 16 countries in Europe. It has compiled a still growing online collection consisting of 300 publications on non-proliferation, disarmament and strategic issues which have been published on our website.

6 policy papers have been published within our series of Non-proliferation Papers so far, the last 3 issues accompanying the holding of the 7th Review Conference of the BTWC last December in Geneva.

In its first year of operation, the Consortium also organized, with the support of the EU (Council decision 210/799/CFSP), a seminar “to promote confidence building and in support of a process aimed at establishing a zone free of WMD and means of delivery in the Middle East”, which took place in Brussels on 6 and 7 July 2011.

In the coming year, we look forward to tackling numerous exciting challenges: our first international non-proliferation and disarmament conference will be held in Brussels on 3 and 4 February 2012 (by invitation); our website will increasingly become an effective tool for providing our European network and the public at large with information on EU policies, strategies and actors in the sphere of arms control and non-proliferation issues; the rate of our publications will increase progressively in order to fuel the strategic debates ahead; finally the Consortium has the ambition to support every European initiative to promote the Strategy of 2003 and the New Lines of action of 2008 generally across the board.

I hope you enjoy reading this month’s issue.

"; $editorial_signature="Benjamin Hautecouverture
EU Non-Proliferation Consortium / Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique (FRS)"; // INTERVIEW // ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////// /* ADD
in quote if necessary */ $quote="Export controls in Europe: A more harmonized approach is needed"; $hat=" Although EU arms exports have become more open and transparent over the last decade and a half, there are still differences between Member States’ attitudes towards export destinations. "; $biography=" Ian Anthony is the Director of the SIPRI Programme on Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-proliferation. Previously, he was the Project Leader of the European Arms Export Control Project. He has published numerous books on issues related to arms control, disarmament and export control. "; /* COLUMNS Synthax: $Question? Column1 and Colum2 : the last

doesn't have closing tag. */ $interview=" Why has SIPRI placed a high emphasis on issues related to transfer controls within its Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme?

The EU has a distinctive approach to security and it plays a special role internationally partly because of a unique achievement—the single market. As restrictions between member countries on trade have largely been eliminated and the EU has moved towards becoming a single economic area, a more harmonized approach is needed to the potential security implications of making the circulation of goods, technologies, people and money more straightforward. SIPRI has tried to monitor and analyse these developments and, in some small ways, contribute to the development of EU policies in this area.

During recent years, SIPRI has been particularly active in South East Europe promoting the introduction and enforcement of dual use regulations. What has been achieved so far?

Since 2005, South East Europe (SEE) countries (also including Albania and FYROM) have made impressive steps towards establishing modern dual-use export control systems. All of them have adopted legislation modeled after the EU dual-use regulation, including the control list, and are cooperating with their EU counterparts and with each other in implementation and enforcement.
SIPRI has been involved in export control capacity-building in SEE for over 7 years, organizing country-specific and regional seminars and workshops, study visits, practical exercises and legal reviews. These activities covered legal, licensing, industry outreach and enforcement issues, and were initially part of an EU-funded pilot assistance programme on dual-use export control assistance implemented during 2005/06 in Bosnia Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia. Most of SIPRI’s subsequent engagement in the region took place in the context of the EU’s expanding export control capacity-building programme implemented by BAFA (the German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control).

SIPRI has defined ‘nuclear forensics’ as a separate scientific discipline. How will SIPRI make use of this emerging field of research?

Nuclear forensic analysis is an important tool in combating illicit trafficking in nuclear materials, which has now become a core element of nuclear security. However, we see nuclear forensics as a discipline that has much wider applications not currently being exploited. A new SIPRI book to be published in 2012 will analyse the different ways that information extracted from nuclear or radioactive material can promote national or international security. Very similar nuclear forensic techniques and methods can be applied in such diverse areas as IAEA safeguards, CTBTO verification, verification of nuclear arms control treaties, attribution in cases of illicit trafficking or nuclear terrorism events, as well as the national technical means of monitoring of foreign nuclear explosions or facilities.

How have the recent EU export policies, including the Code of Conduct and the Common Position, changed the weapon export landscape?

Mapping the impact of EU-level attempts to strengthen and harmonize member states’ arms export policies is difficult to do with any degree of accuracy. EU member states have certainly become more open and transparent about the formation and implementation of their arms export policies since the EU Code of Conduct was first agreed in 1998. The Code created mechanisms of public transparency - particularly the EU Annual Report - which has had a big impact on the availability of information about member states’ arms exports. It has also led states to produce more - and more detailed - national reports on their arms exports and to engage in more open debates on these issues with their parliaments. It is harder to say what impact EU-level activities have had on states’ decision making on whether to grant or deny particular arms export licences. All decision-making in this area remains in the hands of member states, and is likely to remain there for the foreseeable future. Moreover, there are still clear differences in member states’ attitudes towards particular destinations.

"; /* SIGNATURE Synthax: $Name
$NameofTheThinkTank ($ACRONYM), $City */ $signature="
Hugo Geurdes
Research Assistant
Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique (FRS), Paris "; $interview .= "

Interview conducted by ".$signature; ?> The EU Non-Proliferation Consortium - Enewsletter, - Page 1