African states and The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation

Gugu Dube, Lauriane Héau, Emmanuelle Maitre and Noel Stott

AFRICA REPORT 34 | JUNE 2021

Insititute for Security Studies

Four of the five most recent subscribing states to The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCoC) are African. Adopted in November 2002 in The Hague, the HCoC’s chief objective is to curb the proliferation of ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear, chemical or biological weapons, as well as related technology. When fully implemented, the HCoC holds significant security and socio-economic benefits, and is thus of crucial importance given Africa’s developmental context and imperatives.

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