On 17 January 2023, FRS organised a webinar to discuss its recently published report on North Korea’s short range ballistic missiles. The authors of the study presented their main findings and Vann van Diepen assessed the contribution of this report to our understanding of North Korea’s military strategy.
On 13-16 December, as part of the European Union’s decision to support HCoC, the FRS organised a visit to Europe’s spaceport in Kourou (French Guiana), in close cooperation with the French National Centre for Space Studies (CNES) and the French authorities in French Guiana.
Dr Xavier Pasco explained how the Hague Code of Conduct participates to space security during the UNIDIR Space Security Conference on 1st November 2022, in Geneva.
This event is organised by the European Union, with the support of FRS, to mark the 20th Anniversary of the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCoC) in the margins of the UNGA First Committee.
The 20th anniversary of HCoC provides the opportunity to make a further step towards the universalization of the Code through a side-event held in New York in the margins of the First Committee of the UNGA. This side-event will also promote the adoption of a new UNGA resolution in support of the Code.
Hypersonic missiles: Evolution or revolution for missile non-proliferation and arms control instruments?
After listing major programmes and key drivers beyond the acquisition of these technologies, this paper considers their development under the prism of arms control, and analyses whether current mechanisms (non-proliferation arrangements, bilateral arms control treaties and confidence-building measures) dealing with missiles are adapted to these weapons.
North Korean Short Range Systems: Military consequences of the development of the KN-23, KN-24 and KN-25
This study focuses on the new systems introduced, and assesses their potential impact as conventional weapons and as non-conventional weapons. Through an analysis of the possible capacities of these systems, this study examines their consequences on North Korean strategy. It concludes by exploring what this change of strategy may lead to, in military terms, and in political terms, on the Korean peninsula.
Since its inception and through the collective outreach efforts of its Chairs, the Executive Secretariat, the EU and the United Nations, the Hague Code of Conduct has received growing support. It has improved its efficiency and implementation through a series of initiatives which have made it more easily accessible.
News about the Code
On 17 January 2023, the Council of the European Union adopted Decision (CFSP) 2023/124 in support of the Hague Code of Conduct and ballistic missile non-proliferation in the framework of the implementation of the EU Strategy against Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction.
On May 30-31, Argentina officially handed over the Chairmanship of The Hague Code of Conduct to Nigeria during the 21st Annual Regular Meeting of subscribing states in Vienna.
On July 7-8, Switzerland officially handed over the Chairmanship of The Hague Code of Conduct to Argentina during the 20th Annual Regular Meeting of subscribing states in Vienna. The meeting was an opportunity to recall the work done during the Swiss Chairmanship and to announce the objectives of the incoming Argentinian Chairmanship, including the organisation of a meeting marking the 20th anniversary of the Code.