New York outreach side event on HCoC 2013

11 October 2013

On 11 October 2013, the FRS organised, on behalf of the European Union, an outreach event in support of both the HCoC and ballistic missile non-proliferation. This meeting took place at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, in the margins of the UN General Assembly First Committee.



  • Amb. Jacek BYLICA, Principal Advisor and Special Envoy for Non-Proliferation and Disarmament, European External Action Service
    • EU action to promote the non-proliferation of WMD delivery systems
  • Amb. Toshiro OZAWA, Permanent Representative of Japan to the International Organisations in Vienna; HCoC Chair
    • The role of HCoC and the aims for the Japanese presidency
  • Camille GRAND, Director, Foundation for Strategic Research
    • Assessing and responding to current and future threats posed by ballistic missile proliferation
Research Papers

Ballistic missiles and conventional strike weapons: Adapting the HCoC to address the dissemination of conventional ballistic missiles

The Hague Code of Conduct aims at curbing the proliferation of missiles capable of carrying weapons of mass destruction. Today, with an important increase in ranges, these weapons are more and more used for a conventional mission, by a variety of states. This dissemination illustrates the fact that many stakeholders master the technologies necessary to build and sustain these weapons. But it also raises questions on the possible destabilising effects of these arsenals, even when they are not linked to WMDs.

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Research Papers

The HCoC and China

China is currently the main ballistic missile possessor and spacefaring nation which remains outside the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCoC). This can be explained by China’s traditional opacity regarding its deployment of strategic missiles, but also its exports of ballistic systems or technologies abroad. This absence is nonetheless problematic for a regime based on voluntary transparency and confidence-building which aims at universality.

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