Le missile balistique : aviation stratégique du pauvre ?

Penser les Ailes françaises

Revue du Ministère des Armées - n°33

Regardless of the risks associated with proliferating states, however, the pronounced diffusion of deep strike capabilities linked to rockets and SRBMs poses a fundamental problem, creating vulnerabilities in the face of Western forces which have less and less infrastructure. and whose forces are articulated around now limited volumes. In the face of these threats, missile defense is only a partial solution that must be complemented by strengthening the conventional strike capability. However, from this point of view, the reflection of the European States is probably incomplete and remains focused on the development of air resources, out of step with the systems developed by the United States, by Russia and by China but also by a number of people. growing minor military powers. In a tight budgetary context, it may not be uninteresting to assess whether additional solutions should be explored.

JULY 2020 

Stéphane Delory

CONTENTS

The ballistic missile is regularly equated with a kind of “strategic aviation of the poor”

Depuis la première guerre du Golfe (1991), le missile balistique est régulièrement assimilé à une sorte « d’aviation stratégique du pauvre », devant permettre aux États ne disposant pas de la technologie, de la base industrielle ou encore des ressources suffisantes pour se doter d’une aviation performante, de disposer de moyens de frappe dans la profondeur à un coût acceptable. L’épisode de la guerre des villes entre l’Iran et l’Irak et le phénomène de prolifération balistique qui l’a suivi ont fortement contribué à alimenter cette théorie, tout comme la relance du programme antimissile américain, qui vise précisément à limiter la capacité stratégique offerte par les armes balistiques.

Click here to download the report (in French)

Other publications

Ballistic missile proliferation: what should be the role of a small state?

On 15 January 2019, the Institute of National Security Studies Sri Lanka (INSSSL) and the FRS held a South Asia Regional Seminar “Dealing with the missile threat in South Asia” with the support of the European Union. This explainer on ballistic missile proliferation explains a few key aspects of the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC) in relation to small states with special reference to Sri Lanka.

Read More »
Issue Briefs

The HCoC and Southeast Asian States

Only three out of ten Southeast Asian states have joined the HCoC to date (the Philippines, Cambodia and Singapore). This limited rate is noteworthy as Southeast Asia is increasingly concerned by the ongoing ballistic missile competition in broader Asia. Moreover, the region is actively investing to benefit from space technologies.

Read More »
Research Papers

The HCoC and China

China is currently the main ballistic missile possessor and spacefaring nation which remains outside the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCoC). This can be explained by China’s traditional opacity regarding its deployment of strategic missiles, but also its exports of ballistic systems or technologies abroad. This absence is nonetheless problematic for a regime based on voluntary transparency and confidence-building which aims at universality.

Read More »