The HCoC and South Asia

HCoC Issue Brief – March 2021

By Lauriane Héau & Emmanuelle Maitre

India’s and Pakistan’s ballistic missiles are mostly designed as delivery vehicles for their nuclear weapons. While intrinsically linked to their national security, ballistic missiles also have regional security implications for South Asia.


Non-proliferation and arms control efforts have so far been aimed at the bilateral level. Subscription to other instruments including the HCoC remains low in the region, although India joined the HCoC in 2016.

Given the high number of missile tests and SLV launches, the HCoC could serve to increase transparency and avoid misunderstandings. It demonstrates responsibility on the part of states sharing information and provides a forum for regional states to voice their concerns. The HCoC also offers a framework for peaceful space development.

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