Side event on HCoC in the margins of the UNGA in New York

12 October 2018

On 12 October 2018, on behalf of the European Union, the FRS organised a side event on the Hague Code of Conduct and Ballistic Missile Non-Proliferation, in the margins of the 73rd session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York.


This event, which took place at the United Nations headquarters, included a series of presentations followed by a discussion, and brought together representatives from both subscribing and non-subscribing States, and officials from the European Union, with a view to raising awareness of the Code with regard to non-subscribing States and discussing the current and future trends and challenges pertaining to ballistic missile proliferation.




  • Amb. Ann-Sofie NILSSON, Ambassador for Disarmament and Non-proliferation; Sweden, HCoC Chair
  • Alexandre HOUDAYER, Secretary General, Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique
  • Amb. Jacek BYLICA, Principal Advisor and Special Envoy for Non-Proliferation and Disarmament, European External Action Service




  • Emmanuelle MAITRE, Research Fellow, Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique
  • Raphaël PRENAT, Coordinator of the Group of Experts, Committee established pursuant to resolution 1540 (2004)
  • Waheguru Pal Singh SIDHU, Associate Professor, Center for Global Affairs, New York University



  • UN initiatives to curb ballistic proliferation
  • The integration of the HCoC in the multilateral norms to deal with ballistic proliferation
  • Challenges and perspectives to address ballistic missile proliferation



Issue Briefs

The HCoC at Twenty

Since its inception and through the collective outreach efforts of its Chairs, the Executive Secretariat, the EU and the United Nations, the Hague Code of Conduct has received growing support. It has improved its efficiency and implementation through a series of initiatives which have made it more easily accessible.

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Other publications

Ballistic missile proliferation: what should be the role of a small state?

On 15 January 2019, the Institute of National Security Studies Sri Lanka (INSSSL) and the FRS held a South Asia Regional Seminar “Dealing with the missile threat in South Asia” with the support of the European Union. This explainer on ballistic missile proliferation explains a few key aspects of the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC) in relation to small states with special reference to Sri Lanka.

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Research Papers

Ballistic missiles and conventional strike weapons: Adapting the HCoC to address the dissemination of conventional ballistic missiles

The Hague Code of Conduct aims at curbing the proliferation of missiles capable of carrying weapons of mass destruction. Today, with an important increase in ranges, these weapons are more and more used for a conventional mission, by a variety of states. This dissemination illustrates the fact that many stakeholders master the technologies necessary to build and sustain these weapons. But it also raises questions on the possible destabilising effects of these arsenals, even when they are not linked to WMDs.

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